Carbon neutrality, or having a net zero carbon footprint, refers to achieving net zero carbon dioxide emissions by balancing carbon emissions with carbon removal (often through carbon offsetting) or simply eliminating carbon emissions altogether (the transition to a "post-carbon economy"). It is used in the context of carbon dioxide-releasing processes associated with transportation, energy production, agriculture and industrial processes. Carbon-neutral status can be achieved in two ways:
1.Balancing carbon dioxide emissions with carbon removal beyond natural processes, often through carbon offsetting, or the process of removing or sequestering carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to make up for emissions elsewhere.Some carbon-neutral fuels work in much the same way by being made from carbon dioxide themselves, either through natural or man-made processes, despite producing carbon emissions as well.Much more extreme forms of carbon dioxide removal may also be used.
2.Simply eliminating carbon emissions altogether (the concept of the "post-carbon economy") through the use of renewable energy that does not produce carbon emissions at all (such as wind and solar power) and making changes to industrial and agricultural processes to eliminate carbon production.[dubious – discuss] Carbon projects and emissions trading are often used to reduce carbon emissions, and carbon dioxide can even sometimes be prevented from entering the atmosphere entirely (such as by carbon scrubbing).
It is very likely (more than 95 percent probability) that the warming of the earth in the last fifty years is attributable to human-emitted greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2). The effects of climate change will, in most parts of the world, lead to significant risks as the temperature rises further. Some regions on earth will, because of changing climates, suffer from extreme precipitation. Others will undergo droughts and desertification. Also the melting of the entire Arctic is thought possible. Because of this, a sea level rise of 45 to 82 centimeters is predicted.
You will save on your energy bills by driving more economically, through better insulation, through self-generation of sustainable energy and by applying many other measures. Through this, colleagues will become aware of their energy behavior which can save you thousands of dollars in fuel costs per year. And these are just some examples of the hundreds of options that exist to reduce your company’s consumption of energy in a smart and cost effective manner.
Sustainable business leads to commercial success. Some advantages of sustainability according to surveys are: more customer loyalty, more purchase intention and the attraction of valuable employees. It also causes an increase in morale among personnel, it creates goodwill and a good reputation among stakeholders. Moreover, a sustainable organization realizes brand differentiation in relatively homogeneous marketplaces.
Not only governments purchase sustainable products and services, more and more commercial organizations follow their example. They look at the different aspects of sustainability when purchasing products and services. One of the most important aspects to be looked at is how energy efficient, green or carbon neutral a product or service is produced. The more reduction of CO2 emissions is applied against a competitive product or service, the more attractive it is (assuming other factors such as price and delivery time are approximately the same).